Entomophagy in the world: Origins
The term entomophagy refers to the dietary habits of some men that includes the consumption of insects. Like the first insectivore societies, insect consumption is still common in some Asian and African cultures.
In addition, more than 1000 species of insects are consumed in most of the world.
The origin of entomophagy
The first men were entomophagous. Indeed, traces of entomophagy date from prehistory: insect shells among the remains of excrement were found in caves in China, Mexico and in various caves in the United States.
Thus, coprolites (mineral excrement) found in the Ozark Mountain Caves were found to contain ants, beetle larvae, lice, ticks and mites. This is however not surprising considering the insectivorous activity of great apes are insectivorous. Before hunting, gathering was the source of humanity's only means of subsistence.
Indeed, before the invention of hunting and farming tools, insects had to represent an important part of their diet.
The indisputable traces of entomophagous societies in history
The cave paintings of Altamira in northern Spain, dating back to 30000 BC, depict scenes of wild bee consumption, suggesting the existence of an entomophagous society. In addition, Aborigines used to collect thousands of locusts, to cook them by boiling them in salt water, salt water and to dry in the sun. These Australian Aborigines also made moth-based meals that were difficult to prepare.
On the other hand, beetle larvae and locusts were foods prized by Romans and Greeks. The Greek scientist and philosopher Aristotle even described the process of harvesting tasty cicadas. The cicadas represented a nutritious, copious and above all economic source of food.
Moreover, in France and during the Middle Ages, eating larvae of mealworm sucker was a widespread practice.
Entomophagy: an essential component of many cultures
Currently, insects are part of the daily diet of many communities in Asia and Africa.
In these regions, insects are considered as a delicacy that complements several culinary specialties, which is similar to the use of cheese in France. Thus, it is common in some countries such as China or Thailand to see the presence of street vendors selling various insect preparations, like grilled grasshoppers.
Similarly, a multitude of upscale restaurants in Japan exclusively offer menus reserved for insectivores. This practice of entomophagy around the world can be divided into two categories: the use of insects as a source of nutrients or in the form of condiments.
Some insects are also consumed as larvae or nymphs.
This is the consumption of edible insects by humans.
This type of diet (in the scientific sense of the term) is very widespread in certain cultures and is of particular dietary interest.
Most insects are vitamin concentrates!
To name but a few areas of the world where we eat edible insects: South Africa, Nigeria, the Republic of Congo, China, Zambia, Indonesia ...
An actress eating insectsAnts, better taste than appearance ...
What about France?
The idea of an insect-based diet is becoming more and more widespread, but still remains a discrete category of the population.
The case of snails: The French specialty par excellence, not always appreciated by other populations ... As food is really a history of culture, the taste is sometimes only accessory ...
Extraordinary nutritional qualities:
Insects are usually rich in vitamins, iron and amino acids, quality proteins ... and almost free of fats.
Insects and the Economy
The mass production of edible insects for humans is much more economical, more ecological than the traditional breeding of which we are still dependent today. Insects are the future of our diet. The most singular thing in this story is that we will survive in the long term thanks to an ancient mode of food and forgotten by our "modern" societies.
INSECTS AND Ecology
Whoever eats an insect saves the world ... and the cows!
The breeding and consumption of insects has always been very limited. Often mentioned in Greek and Roman literature, there are very few documents related to the consumption of insects during the following centuries.
However in times of famine, insects have been widely savored. Hundreds of species are still consumed and the most important groups are Lepidoptera, Bedbugs, Coleoptera larvae, Homoptera, Orthoptera and a variety of aquatic insects.
Agave Worms: Also known as maguey worms, these caterpillars are sometimes included in tequila bottles as proof of authenticity and high alcohol content (the alcohol content must be high enough to preserve the worm) .
Ants: The majority of ants species are edible, especially carpenter ants, leafcutter ants and honeycomb ants. Honeycomb ants have an abdomen filled with a nectar-like substance, which is used to feed other ants, a kind of "live larder".
Winged ants: they are crispy when roasted, salted and dipped in lime juice. These ants taste like pork rinds in butter.
Bamboo worms: Often tasted fried in Thailand, they are caterpillars of grass ringworm and eat their way through the bamboo before metamorphosing.
The periodic cicadas: They live for 17 years before emerge and become adults. Just after moulting, they become gaseous, juicy and very tender. Different species of cicadas are also consumed in many Asian countries, such as Japan, Thailand and Malaysia.
Cockroaches: You can consume cockroaches, provided they are not collected in or around your house. Contrary to what one might think, roaches can actually be very clean and tasty, especially if they are fed fresh fruits and vegetables. They can be eaten grilled, fried, sauteed or cooked.
Crickets: Fried, stir-fried, boiled or roasted, these agitated insects are among the most consumed. See crickets eatable
Dragonflies: they can be consumed in adult or larval form. In several countries, they are captured by dipping a reed in sticky palm sap and shaking it in the air.
Fly pupae: The fatty acids of pupae have been found to be similar to those of some fish oils. With a little red pill, their flavor is comparable to that of pudding.
The sphinx of tomatoes: when fried, they offer a taste of green tomato, shrimp and crab.
The jumps: rich in vitamins of group B. They have a bitter taste and a cinnamon aroma. The twins have tranquilizing and analgesic properties. Apparently they can survive cooking, and so are often eaten alive.
The larvae of the false moth: they are parasites of beehives. In captivity, they are fed honey. Roasted or sautéed, they have the same taste of pine nuts and are rich in essential fatty acids.
Insects with very bright colors are to be avoided in most cases. The combination of bright colors that spreads in nature is usually a sign of a toxic life form. This category of insects thus discourages its predators by displaying its toxic characteristic.
The majority of these insects do not sting, but release some harmful odors through chemical reactions. Insects that trigger a chemical defense include some beetles such as the Bombardier Beetle and the Beef Meloe.
Many other insects are poisonous because they retain the toxins of many plants as their own defense. For this reason, the insects that feed mainly on the following plant families are to be avoided: Apiaceae (the carrot family), Fabaceae (the bean family), Euphorbiaceae (the family of the spurge and the spurge). Christmas star) the Convolvulaceae (the family of morning glory).
These insects can be difficult to handle and clean, like wasps, hornets, bees and drones. Their poisonous spines inject a chemical mixture causing intense pain. Apart from the risk of sting, once you have ingested their poisonous glands, you may experience indigestion.
Do not take risks ...
Insectementvotre to select for you a large list of edible insects to buy online and produced by the best breeders on the market!
http://edibug.wordpress.com is a complete blog on the theme of edible insects. You will find in particular a very rich article with the list of edible insects by the man here: http://edibug.wordpress.com/list-of-edible-insects/
To my knowledge there is no equivalent in French ... no bowl he will have to start to English. For those who are looking for where to buy edible insects internationally the site provides a list of address where to get http://edibug.wordpress.com/where-to-get-bugs/ / Source of the photo: edibug.wordpress.com
Insects are very nutritious. For this reason, many cultures consume them as part of a healthy diet. They represent good sources of protein, while providing very little fat, and contain high levels of certain minerals.
They serve as a source of essential protein in countries where traditional protein foods, such as meat and dairy products, are scarce. Insect farming also requires the conservation of forests, which helps reduce deforestation and greenhouse gas emissions.
A diet similar to that of humans
Like humans, insects are heterotrophic, which means that they feed on other organisms, unlike plants that produce energy through photosynthesis. Similar to humans, the main components of an insect's diet include protein, carbohydrates and fats. Insects also have the ability to produce their own fat-soluble vitamins, including vitamins A, D, E, and K.
A protein source that goes beyond traditional protein foods
Protein is an important part of your physiology. It helps your body build, repair and maintain its cells. Every cell in the human body needs protein. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization, 100 grams of dried caterpillars contain about 53 grams of protein.
In comparison, 100 grams of ground beef contains only 27 grams of protein. This means that insects are better sources of protein than traditional protein foods.
High mineral content: iron and calcium
Insects are particularly rich in calcium and iron. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body. It is essential to maintain the strength of your bones. As for iron, it plays an important role in the storage of oxygen in red blood cells.
In addition, traditional sources of protein, such as meat and fish, are low in calcium: 100 grams of beetles contain 43 milligrams of calcium, while 100 grams of ground beef lacks calcium. Similarly, 100 grams of aquatic beetle contains about 14 milligrams of iron, while the same amount of ground beef contains only 3.5 milligrams.
Ideal intake of carbohydrates and fats
Carbohydrates are the primary energy supply your body needs. However, an excess of carbohydrates helps to accentuate a number of adverse effects on the body, including obesity. Insects are low in carbohydrates, which is beneficial for people on a high protein and low carbohydrate diet.
In addition, insects contain a small amount of fat. Low-fat foods are desirable because they reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and other adverse effects associated with a high-fat diet. For example, grasshoppers contain only 6 grams of fat.